Europe's highest justice court, the European Court of Justice (ECJ), has ruled that bulk data collection 'can only be used to fight serious crime'.
Bulk collection is on the ropes as the ECJ will clarify whether UK security legislation is consistent with European law.
European authorities are looking for ways to reauthorise the export of EU citizens' data to the US in the wake of the CJEU court decision which ruled Safe Harbour unsafe.
In a decision with widespread implications for the international transfer and processing of data - and the companies that provide these services - the European Court of Justice has ruled the EU-US Safe Harbour pact invalid. Experts are warning of massive disruption to international business.
Pan-European operations can now be subject to the data protection laws of each country (not just the one they are established in) following a ECJ ruling yesterday.