Illegal or inappropriate alterations to databases can be tackled by effective monitoring.


Computer scientist Charlie Bachman claimed that people who create, modify or delete data should have their actions recorded and linked with the outcome to help tackle the problem of illegal or inappropriate alterations to databases.


Bachman said: “I believe in and have recommended that the person, or persons involved in the creation, modification, or deletion of data should be recorded and that record associated with the data of their creation. Their authorship should be recorded along with the data so that others can observe who the author(s) are and evaluate the authorship appropriately.


“Some transactions or edits might require a dual authorship to authorize changes. User ID and password protection against unauthorized access might be extended to protect against unauthorized updates, along with the publicising of the authorizing user.”