SC Congress Amsterdam: Cyber-warfare - "we are all involved in this"

News by Max Metzger

Although some would argue that cyber-war is still in its infancy, it is - according to our panel of experts at the SC Congress Amsterdam - well under way across the globe.

Borderless cyber-space is no longer free of the bordered concerns of geopolitics. It is in fact, the newest battlefield for exercising international conflict. This was, at least, the conclusion of a panel of experts assembled to discuss cyber-warfare at the first-ever SC Congress Amsterdam. 

Plenty of countries now have cyber-command units with offensive capability and cyber-attacks on government ministries and critical infrastructure have had a political flavour to them. 

The Tallinn attacks of 2007 were just such an example. When the Estonian government decided to remove the Bronze Soldier of Tallinn, a deeply unpopular Soviet-era memorial, the country was relentlessly DDoSed by forces believed to be associated with the Russian state. This remains the enduring example of cyber-warfare. 

Margarita Jaitner, a researcher at the Swedish National Defence College. disputes the terms cyber-warfare. In specific regard to Russian aggression, Jaitner mentioned that the term is perhaps better put as information war.

Russian non-military aggression of this kind works on several levels alongside cyber-assault. Propaganda, the use of social media, hacktivism and kinetic operations all play a part in this 'non-military' warfare. 

This is, in fact, hybrid war, in which military actions hide behind a civilian veil.

That said, "a lot of this is semantics", said Don Eijndhoven, CEO of Argent, a cyber-warfare consulting firm. 

But cyber-war is not like other kinds of warfare. While military networks operate separately from civilian ones, attacks considered under the heading cyber-warfare tend to target civilian networks, said Eijndhoven: "We are all involved in this whether we want to or not."

Eijndhoven mentioned that there has been some trepidation around the term 'cyber-warfare', justified by the fact that the term warfare might lead to a rhetorical escalation.

"We should stop fooling ourselves", said Eijndhoven, adding that we have all acknowledged how cyber-warfare could escalate into real life conflict.

Anouk Vos, president of the Women in Cyber Security Foundation, mentioned that for all the talk about cyber-war, she hasn't heard much about its opposite, cyber-peace: "We need a paradigm shift in this regard". Perhaps, as Vos mentioned, we should be working towards setting up an international court of arbitration within the cyber-realm. 


(left to right) Don Eijndhoven, Margarita Jaitner and Anouk Vos.


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