A new study by the Nato CCD COE on Cyber Security Organisation in Turkey outlines the current cyber security landscape in the country, providing a comprehensive overview of the digital ecosystem in Turkey, describing the responsibilities of different national agencies designated to ensure security in cyberspace.
The report notes that in Turkey, digitalisation is rapidly growing in both public sector and business with notable increase in e-services penetration over the recent years. Hence, the rising importance of cyber-security and cyber-related issues.
Turkey’s current national cyber-security strategy, National Cyber Security Strategy and Action Plan 2016- 2019, was released in March 2016 by the National Cyber Security Board and it serves as a guidline for administering and coordinating national cyber security efforts.
It emphasises that cyber-security is an inseparable part of national security and calls for all administrative and technical precautions to ensure the security of all national entities in cyberspace. The strategy is broken down to three sub-parts:
(1) Ensuring the security, secrecy, and privacy of all the data, services, transactions and the systems in information technologies domain, while covering the entire national cyberspace;
(2) Designating cyber security actions related to keeping the impact of cyber-attacks under a reasonable threshold and systems available and running; and assisting governmental and law enforcement agencies in investigating and forensics with related cybercrimes; and
(3) Taking necessary action to make systems and infrastructure that are mission critical for cyber security, secrecy and privacy, manufactured and developed within the nation.
"Turkey has adopted a comprehensive approach to tackle the cyber-security issues across different sectors. National cyber-security strategy foresees the developments in the legal framework in the field of cyber-security, strengthening of security of public information services and raising awareness in the field of cyber-security. The scope of work of agencies ensuring national cyber security has widened and the number of institutions increased. This report could be a helpful material for understanding the cybersecurity landscape in Turkey, as well as the principles of its formation," explains the editor of the series Kadri Kaska, Law and Policy Researcher of the NATO CCD COE.
As of December 2018, the Centre has published comprehensive overviews of the national cyber security models of 14 countries:
National Cyber Security Organisation in the Czech Republic
National Cyber Security Organisation in Estonia
National Cyber Security Organisation in France
National Cyber Security Organisation in Hungary
National Cyber Security Organisation in Italy
National Cyber Security Organisation in Lithuania
National Cyber Security Organisation in the Netherlands
National Cyber Security Organisation in Poland
National Cyber Security Organisation in Spain
National Cyber Security Organisation in Slovakia
National Cyber Security Organisation in the United Kingdom
National Cyber Security Organisation in the United States
China and Cyber: Attitudes, Strategies, Organisation
National Cyber Security Organisation in Israel
The reports present countries’ cyber-security strategy objectives and outline the division of cyber-security tasks and responsibilities among different agencies. Particular attention is on outlining the mandate, tasks and competencies of respective agencies with the system of coordination between them. The reports are described as providing a tool for better understanding of respective nation’s political and strategic cyber-security governance model, national cyber incident management coordination, military cyber-defence and cyber aspects of crisis prevention and crisis management.